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Nuclear News - 6/3/2010
PGS Nuclear News, June 3, 2010
Compiled By: Brandi Bohannon


A.  Iran
    1. Iran Accuses Nuclear Agency of False Reporting, Boston Herald (6/2/2010)
    2. Iran Ready for Nuclear Fuel Swap Talks, PressTV (6/2/2010)
    3. Iran Says Enriching to Higher Levels as Backup Plan, Deft Magazine  (6/2/2010)
B.  DPRK
    1. Senator Scraps Myanmar Trip Over Nuclear Claim, Reuters (6/3/2010)
    2. S. Korea, U.S. to Rattle Saber Against N. Korea in Yellow Sea Next Week, Yonhap News Agency (6/2/2010)
C.  NPT Review Conference
    1. Australia, Japan Welcome 'Unprecedented' Agreement at NPT Review, The Mainichi Daily News (6/3/2010)
    2. Remarks by Ellen Tauscher, Under Secretary of State for or Arms Control and International Security United States Closing Statement 2010 NPT Review Conference at the United Nations, United States Mission to the United Nations (5/28/2010)
D.  Nuclear Cooperation
    1. US Wants Global Action on Nuclear Bomb Material, Associated Press (6/3/2010)
    2. India Reassures Washington on the Nuclear Deal, Channels Television  (6/2/2010)
E.  Nuclear Security
    1. Nuclear Plant Heads Propose Armed Security, The Local (6/3/2010)
    2. Russia Says Terrorists Seeking Nuclear Materials, Reuters (6/2/2010)
    3. UAE Advised to Tighten Frontier for Nuclear Era, The National (6/1/2010)
F.  Nuclear Energy
    1. Argentina “Leading Country” In Nuclear Energy Development, Merco Press (6/2/2010)
G.  Links of Interest
    1. US Wary of Nuclear Blast to Stop Gulf Oil Leak, Reuters (6/3/2010)



A.  Iran

1.
Iran Accuses Nuclear Agency of False Reporting
Boston Herald
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


A senior Iranian envoy says the U.N. nuclear monitor is guilty of false reporting on Tehran’s atomic activities.

Ali Ashgar Soltanieh says the International Atomic Energy Agency is wrong in saying equipment is missing from a laboratory that the IAEA says was used for undeclared nuclear experiments.

Diplomats say the activity — pyroprocessing — could be used to purify uranium metal used in a nuclear warhead.

Soltanieh, Tehran’s chief IAEA delegate, said Wednesday his country will ask for a formal correction from the agency.

The IAEA had no formal comment. But an agency official familiar with the report says the IAEA stands by its findings. The official asked for anonymity, citing the agency’s decision not to comment for now on the issue.

Available at: http://news.bostonherald.com/news/international/middle_east/view.bg?articleid=1258926&srvc=news&position=recent

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2.
Iran Ready for Nuclear Fuel Swap Talks
PressTV
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


Iranian Foreign Minister Manouchehr Mottaki says Tehran is ready to sit down with the West to work out a written agreement on a nuclear fuel swap declaration.

“We are ready to negotiate with the Vienna group [the IAEA, the US, Russia, and France] in order to draw up a written agreement,” Mottaki told his Belgian counterpart Steven Vanackere in Brussels on Wednesday.

The Belgian foreign minister expressed approval of the recent Tehran declaration and welcomed the prospect of talks between Iran and Europe, which he said could promote mutual understanding between the two sides.

The foreign ministers of Iran, Turkey, and Brazil signed a declaration in Tehran on May 17, according to which Iran would ship 1200 kilograms of its low-enriched uranium to Turkey to be exchanged for 120 kilograms of 20 percent enriched nuclear fuel rods to power the Tehran research reactor, which produces radioisotopes for cancer treatment.

The new nuclear declaration gives Iran a guarantee since the low-enriched uranium is to be stored in Turkey and would be returned if Iran does not receive the 20 percent enriched nuclear fuel in a specific time period.

Despite the fact that Iran has agreed to conduct the fuel swap in a third country — a demand by the West that Iran had previously rejected due to guarantee concerns — the US recently announced that the six major powers discussing Iran's nuclear program had reached an agreement on a draft of a UN resolution against Iran.

Tehran says it sees the declaration as a confidence-building measure that provides an opportunity for cooperation between Iran and the West.

Available at: http://www.presstv.ir/detail.aspx?id=128833§ionid=351020104

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3.
Iran Says Enriching to Higher Levels as Backup Plan
Deft Magazine
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


Iran started refining uranium to 20 percent purity in February saying it wanted to produce fuel for a reactor that makes isotopes for treating cancer after talks over a fuel swap deal proposal with big powers stalled.

The move sparked Western concerns as it brings the material closer to the level of refinement needed for atomic arms.

“We have to do it since we have been facing a lack of any legally-binding assurance of supply,” Ali Asghar Soltanieh told reporters. Iran says its nuclear work is for peaceful uses only.

Under a proposal drafted by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in October, Iran would part with 1,200 kg of its low-enriched uranium — enough for an atom bomb if enriched to higher levels — in return for the special fuel rods.

Last month Brazil and Turkey resurrected parts of the plan, seen as a possible way to ease nuclear tensions with the West, and Iran said it agreed to it.

Available at: http://www.deftmag.com/news/iran-says-enriching-to-higher-levels-as-backup-plan/

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B.  DPRK

1.
Senator Scraps Myanmar Trip Over Nuclear Claim
Reuters
6/3/2010
(for personal use only)


U.S. Senator Jim Webb abruptly canceled a planned visit to military-ruled Myanmar on Thursday because of concern about the country's alleged nuclear cooperation with North Korea.

Webb, chairman of the Senate subcommittee on East Asia and Pacific, said his visit would be "unwise" having learned of a report containing new allegations that Myanmar was seeking North Korea's help in developing a nuclear program.

It was not immediately known what report Webb was referring to and a U.S. embassy spokesman could not confirm the origin of the report, or where it was published.

"News reports published today contain new allegations regarding the possibility that the Burmese government has been working in conjunction with North Korea in order to develop a nuclear program," Webb said in a statement.

"It is unclear whether these allegations have substantive merit. Until there is further clarification on these matters, I believe it would be unwise and potentially counterproductive for me to visit Burma," he said, referring to Myanmar by its former official name.

The United States believes North Korea has previously shipped conventional arms to Myanmar, in defiance of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1874.

Webb, a Vietnam War veteran, issued the statement from neighboring Thailand. He had been due to arrive in Myanmar on Thursday afternoon.

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His visit to the country in August last year was hailed as a success for Myanmar's reclusive junta, which normally chides outsiders and accuses them of interference.

He met detained Nobel laureate Aung San Suu Kyi and junta supremo General Than Shwe, who often shuns visiting diplomats. It was not known who Webb had planned to meet this time.

U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Kurt Campbell, Washington's top official for East Asia, visited Myanmar on May 10 and expressed "profound disappointment" at the regime's approach to its much-derided election scheduled this year.

The visit was Campbell's first since November last year. That trip was the first in 14 years by a top U.S. official, signifying Washington's new policy of deeper engagement with a regime it has for years been trying to pressure into change.

Webb said it was important Myanmar and the United States continued to engage with each other, but called for clarification from about the nuclear issue, about which the junta has made no official comment.

"I strongly believe that a continuation of dialogue between our two countries is important for the evolution of a more open governmental system and for the future strategic balance in Southeast Asia," Webb added.

"However, a productive dialogue will be achievable only when these two matters are further clarified."

Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6521YB20100603?type=politicsNews

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2.
S. Korea, U.S. to Rattle Saber Against N. Korea in Yellow Sea Next Week
Yonhap News Agency
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


The U.S. will conduct its joint naval exercise with South Korea next week, a month earlier than expected, officials here said Wednesday, deploying a nuclear carrier in a show of force in the Yellow Sea where they accuse North Korea of sinking a warship.

The June 8-11 exercise will "be a strong signal to North Korea and also one that shows a firm combined defense posture," a South Korean defense official said on condition of anonymity.

The allies, technically at war with North Korea after the 1950-53 Korean War ended in a truce, say Pyongyang is responsible for the March 26 sinking of the South Korean corvette, Cheonan.

Forty-six crew members died in the sinking, which South Korea blamed on a North Korean submarine, citing the results of weeks-long multinational probe that included U.S. officials.

The South Korean official said the U.S. will mobilize its nuclear-powered 97,000-ton carrier USS George Washington along with an Aegis destroyer and a nuclear submarine, while South Korea will deploy a 4,500-ton destroyer, a submarine and F-15K fighter jets.

The exercise will test their abilities to fire cannons, drop anti-submarine bombs and intercept enemy communications "in a way similar to actual warfare," the official said.

Another defense official, who also did not wish to be identified, said a separate exercise is being planned for late this month to focus on anti-submarine capabilities.

"The saber-rattling will take place on two different occasions," the official said.

South Korea, which is trying to take the sinking to the U.N. Security Council, already conducted an independent anti-submarine exercise near the Yellow Sea border with North Korea last week.

Pyongyang hit back with a threat to scrap a 2004 inter-Korean accord aimed at preventing accidental clashes there.

The navies of the divided Koreas have engaged in gunfights three times near their western sea border since 1999, the latest in November last year. The North denies the validity of the border as it was drawn by a U.S. commander at the end of the Korean War.

North Korea has threatened an "all-out war" for any punishment over the sinking and vowed to strike back if anyone intrudes upon its territory for retaliation. A joint U.S.-South Korean exercise almost always draws angry reactions from North Korea and prompts it to place its 1.2 million troops on alert.

Available at: http://english.yonhapnews.co.kr/northkorea/2010/06/02/34/0401000000AEN20100602001800315F.HTML

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C.  NPT Review Conference

1.
Australia, Japan Welcome 'Unprecedented' Agreement at NPT Review
The Mainichi Daily News
6/3/2010
(for personal use only)


Australian Foreign Minister Stephen Smith and his Japanese counterpart Katsuya Okada said Wednesday "unprecedented" agreement had been reached at the recent nuclear nonproliferation conference in New York from May 3 to 28.

In a joint statement, the pair said the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons had "unanimously adopted a comprehensive and forward-looking final document which is a strong global commitment to the nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation regime."

"(The conference) agreed, unprecedentedly, on 64 follow-up actions...on disarmament, non-proliferation and the peaceful uses of nuclear energy," the ministers said.

Smith and Okada highlighted the commitment by countries with nuclear weapons to "reduce and eventually eliminate all nuclear weapons."

It was also agreed a conference would be held in 2012, which would be attended by all Middle Eastern countries and focus on establishing a nuclear-weapon free zone in the region.

Japan and Australia have a long history of cooperation on nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament issues and co-chair the International Commission on Nuclear Non-Proliferation and Disarmament.

Available at: http://mdn.mainichi.jp/mdnnews/news/20100603p2g00m0dm026000c.html

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2.
Remarks by Ellen Tauscher, Under Secretary of State for or Arms Control and International Security United States Closing Statement 2010 NPT Review Conference at the United Nations
United States Mission to the United Nations
5/28/2010
(for personal use only)


Mr. President, Committee Chairs, and distinguished delegates, over a year ago in Prague, President Obama set out a vision for the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons and outlined a realistic path to achieve that goal. Over the last four weeks, the Parties to the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) have worked tirelessly and with great dedication to review the implementation of the NPT and reaffirm the international consensus it embodies.

Under the President's leadership, the United States has made every effort to renew that consensus. We have reaffirmed our NPT commitments to make progress toward nuclear disarmament and guarantee access to nuclear energy for peaceful purposes to all those abiding by their nonproliferation commitments. This Treaty matters because it is the principal international legal instrument holding member states accountable, discouraging the spread of proliferation, and bringing the benefits of nuclear energy to all corners of the world. As President Obama said in Prague last year, "Rules must be binding. Violations must be punished. Words must mean something."

The Final Document this Conference adopted today advances President Obama's vision. It reflects our collective commitment to uphold and strengthen this cornerstone of the international nonproliferation regime. It also demonstrates our unified resolve to strengthen the Treaty's three pillars - disarmament, nonproliferation and peaceful uses of nuclear energy - with the inclusion of recommendations for follow-on actions.

This forward-looking and balanced action plan establishes benchmarks for future progress and concrete actions.

It commits parties to work to achieve the President's vision to seek the peace and security of a world without nuclear weapons and recognizes the steps the United States and others have taken to advance this disarmament agenda. It recognizes the achievement of the U.S.-Russia New START agreement and reflects our shared interest in achieving deeper reductions of all types of nuclear weapons and reducing their role in the international system.

It encourages the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and the urgent need to get on with long-delayed talks on a fissile material cutoff treaty.

It affirms that the Additional Protocol and comprehensive IAEA safeguards agreements represent the enhanced standard for verification of the NPT and essential for the IAEA to carry out its international safeguards responsibilities.

It emphasizes that peaceful uses of nuclear energy should be made available to all Parties in conformity with the NPT's nonproliferation provisions, and recognizes the importance of multilateral mechanisms for assurance of nuclear supply and related fuel cycle services.

And we are pleased to note that the President's report highlights the view of most in this hall that Parties are to be held responsible for violations of the NPT committed prior to withdrawal, and that consultations and actions by nuclear suppliers are needed to discourage abuse of the Treaty's withdrawal provision.

We note further that the final document calls on states to comply fully with the NPT in order to uphold the treaty's integrity and the authority of its safeguards system. In that regard, we recall Secretary Clinton's statement at the opening of this Review Conference, noting that "Iran is the only country in this hall that has been found by the IAEA Board of Governors to be currently in noncompliance with its nuclear safeguards obligations." We note that Iran has done nothing to enhance the
international community's confidence in it by its performance in this Review Conference.

The final document also includes an agreement to hold a regional conference in 2012 to discuss issues relevant to a Middle East zone free of weapons of mass destruction (WMD) and their delivery systems. We have long-supported such a zone, but we recognize that essential precursors must be in place for its achievement.

The Parties should know that we take seriously our commitments with respect to this regional conference, and we will work with the countries in the region to create conditions for a successful conference. We note, however, that our ability to do so has been seriously jeopardized because the final document singles out Israel in the Middle East section, a fact that the United States deeply regrets.

We also wish to call out the text concerning North Korea. The United States deplores North Korea's repeated defiance of international law and its international obligations and commitments. North Korea should understand that it will never achieve security or acceptance by the international community without the complete and verified abandonment of its nuclear weapons programs. North Korea's behavior, particularly its failure to implement its commitments under the Six Party Talks, to include its return to the NPT and IAEA safeguards at an early date, calls into question the utility of negotiations with North Korea.

The Six Party Talks can be an effective mechanism only if North Korea takes early and irreversible steps to return to compliance with the NPT and its nonproliferation commitments and establishes through action its credibility as a negotiating partner.

In conclusion, we remain deeply grateful for the contributions made throughout this month that have resulted in such a thorough review and constructive outcome. However, the hard work is only now beginning. All of us are now charged to carry out the commitments made at this Conference. We look forward to working with our fellow Parties in other appropriate venues, including the International Atomic Energy Agency and the Conference on Disarmament, to ensure that the legacy of this Review
Conference is one in which all of us can take pride.

Available at: http://usun.state.gov/briefing/statements/2010/142367.htm


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D.  Nuclear Cooperation

1.
US Wants Global Action on Nuclear Bomb Material
Associated Press
6/3/2010
(for personal use only)


The chief U.S. negotiator of the new U.S.-Russia nuclear arms treaty wants similar progress from global disarmament talks.

Rose Gottemoeller says she hopes the "New START" signed by Presidents Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama in April will spur the 65-nation Conference on Disarmament to begin talks this summer on banning the production of plutonium and highly enriched uranium needed for atomic bombs.

Pakistan opposes the negotiations unless rival India makes other concessions.

Gottemoeller says she will brief the Geneva-based body Thursday. It hasn't scored a success since the 1996 deal to ban nuclear weapons tests.

Gottemoeller says U.S. Senate approval for START could lead to the long-awaited U.S. ratification of the test ban treaty

Available at: http://www.google.com/hostednews/ap/article/ALeqM5h2iAvz9QEwspUunkhzirxjjHpoegD9G3OQKG0

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2.
India Reassures Washington on the Nuclear Deal
Channels Television
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna, India's Foreign Minister said that the Indian government is committed to implementation of the historic 2008 civil nuclear cooperation accord, which could open the door to billions of dollars in business for US nuclear plant manufacturers.

He said this while addressing the members of the US India Business Council at Washington on Wednesday (June 02).

Incidentally, this reception hosted by the US India Business Council was ahead of Thursday's official 'strategic dialogue' meeting with Secretary of State Hillary Clinton.

On this score, Krishna said New Delhi has put in place new liability laws that mark the final piece of the 2008 deal.

"We are well within the agreed timelines. Of course the government is committed to put in place a nuclear liability regime. We look forward to US companies investing in India. Many of you are in dialogue with our companies already. We would like to be as robust a partnership as we have both admissioned," said Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna.

The civilian nuclear deal with the United States ended India's nuclear isolation after its 1974 atomic test, giving it access to US technology and fuel and setting the stage for foreign companies to enter a civilian nuclear energy market worth about $150 billion.

Endorsement of the liability law is imperative for private US firms reluctant to do business in India without legislation that underwrites their compensation liability in the case of industrial accidents.

However, the bill's progress in the parliament had been slow, leading some US analysts to express frustration.

Progress toward implementing the nuclear cooperation accord is one of the main issues on the table at this week's US-India dialogue meetings, which both sides say are aimed at deepening political and economic cooperation between the two giant democracies.

Krishna acknowledged that other major issues, including the unfolding situation in Afghanistan -- where India fears a potential US tilt toward arch-rival Pakistan -- would also come up at Thursday's meeting.

"We will talk about our many shared strategic interests. That range from countering terrorism and extremism, advancing nuclear security, working to secure the global commons, succeeding in Afghanistan and shaking a stable balanced and co operative Asia, to dialogues for cooperation in science, and technology," added Krishna.

He also mentioned that the fast-expanding economic ties between the two countries, which had cool relations during the Cold War era, were a sign of a solid foundation and that business and technology innovation would be at the heart of the relationship going forward.

"I am confident that an economic partnership holds immense potential for the prosperity of our two countries and for invigorating the strategic partner between our two countries," noted Krishna.

He said that he looks forward to better cooperation between various sectors of both the countries."We look forward to evermore brilliant achievements, and joint successes as our scientists, engineers and business and industries, forge new path as they progress, in their cooperation," opined Somanahalli Mallaiah Krishna.

During the high-level talks, India's concerns would focus on growing US ties with its arch-rival Pakistan -- a key player in the US-led war in Afghanistan -- while US officials will likely press for more progress in opening India's huge market to US companies in the energy, retail and education sectors.

Available at: http://www.channelstv.com/global/news_details.php?cat=International&nid=19438

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E.  Nuclear Security

1.
Nuclear Plant Heads Propose Armed Security
The Local
6/3/2010
(for personal use only)


The heads of Sweden's nuclear power plants have called for the installation of armed rapid reaction forces to be put in place in order to increase security.

The heads of Ringhals, Oskarshamn and Forsmark's plants have proposed the idea in a letter to the Department of the Environment. The unit would be activated if the nuclear plants were to be exposed to acts of sabotage that could lead to a nuclear accident, the local Hallands Nyheter daily has reported.

The force will in "number and armament" respond to what a sabotage group can carry out. This requires an overhaul of legislation and the heads of the three plants want the possibility of a reaction force to be investigated.

The issue has been previously been discussed, when the Environmental Court lay down broad guidelines for the Oskarshamn nuclear power plant in 2006, according to Gösta Larsen, a spokesperson for Ringhals.

"It was not included in the verdict, but the question was discussed," he said.

For the nuclear plants, this means that the authorities must demonstrate their engagement in some way.

"We have invested hundreds of millions of kronor in safety in the last five years at Ringhals," said Larsen.

The investments have involved more alarms, security guards, controls and gates. If there is to be a rapid reaction force on standby outside the gates of the plants perimeter, then it is a matter for the society to control, Larsen said.

Available at: http://www.thelocal.se/27016/20100603/

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2.
Russia Says Terrorists Seeking Nuclear Materials
Reuters
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


The chief of Russia's state security service said on Wednesday that terrorists were seeking access to nuclear materials across the former Soviet Union, Russian news agencies reported.

Alexander Bortnikov, the chief of the FSB, the main successor to the Soviet-era KGB, gave no further details about the attempts or which groups had sought the materials.

"We have information which indicates that terrorists are continuing to attempt to get access to nuclear materials (and) biological and chemical components," he was quoted as saying by Interfax and Itar-Tass.

"We are paying constant attention to this issue," Bortnikov said, referring to concerns that terrorists could get their hands on nuclear materials.

Nuclear experts say there is no sign that terrorists have acquired weapons-grade nuclear material but there have been at least 18 documented cases of theft or loss of plutonium or highly enriched uranium, several in the ex-Soviet Union.

Despite major, heavily U.S.-funded security improvements at Russian facilities containing nuclear materials since the 1991 Soviet collapse, experts say the risk of theft remains.

Among concerns are the potential for theft by insiders -- particularly in a country plagued by corruption -- as well as imperfect accounting for the materials and inexperienced guards, according to Harvard University nuclear expert Matthew Bunn.

A recent report by Bunn commissioned by the U.S.-based Nuclear Threat Initiative said the highest risks of nuclear theft today were in Pakistan and Russia, which has the largest stockpiles.

Available at: http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSTRE6512RQ20100602

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3.
UAE Advised to Tighten Frontier for Nuclear Era
The National
6/1/2010
(for personal use only)


The UAE’s civilian nuclear power programme will mean significantly tightened border controls on shipments and transshipment of goods as the nation works to ensure that sensitive material does not land in the hands of illegal traffickers, international experts said yesterday.

“The UAE is well known for its shipment and transportation industry. This means a lot of people, containers, etc., crossing the border,” said Vitaly Fedchenko, an expert on nuclear trafficking with the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, which tracks military expenditure, arms transfer and international conflict.

He said trafficking is a primary security concern, as the sheer volume of material passing UAE borders presents a major security challenge on a daily basis.

According to the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the UN’s nuclear watchdog, states are responsible for the protection of nuclear material in their territory. The agency’s guidelines place strong restrictions on the import and export of nuclear material and prescribe deterrent penalties for breaches.

The UAE has signed on to numerous international agreements on nuclear security as part of its US$20 billion nuclear programme, including the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material. It stipulates levels of protection for the transport of nuclear materials, depending on quantity.

For instance, if the Critical National Infrastructure Authority (CNIA) is moving “Category II” materials within the UAE, such as 500g to 2kg of unirradiated plutonium, it would need to be stored “within an area under constant surveillance by guards or electronic devices, surrounded by a physical barrier with a limited number of points of entry under appropriate control or any area with an equivalent level of physical protection.”

Similarly, if more than 2kg of unirradiated plutonium is transported internationally, authorities would have to provide constant surveillance by experts who would be in round-the-clock contact with response forces.

The country should also continuously allow the IAEA to evaluate its nuclear security and safety measures, the agency said. And although the guidelines are non-binding, UAE officials say they will do whatever is necessary to ensure that nuclear material on Emirates soil will be stored and transported securely.

“In our programme in the UAE we signed all the international conventions for non-proliferation and to ban the trafficking of nuclear materials,” said Mohamed al Shamsi, the manager of the security and nuclear power protection programme at the CNIA.

“We’re implementing all the legislation and assurances that ensure the safety and security of our nuclear power plants.”

Dr Dorel Popescu, an expert on nuclear security at the IAEA and a former nuclear inspector, said the IAEA would provide recommendations and expertise if requested.

The recommendations also seek to limit the possibility of the theft of nuclear or radioactive materials that could be used to craft radioactive bombs.

And above all, the guidelines say, military and intelligence personnel, policymakers and emergency responders should undergo training in “nuclear security culture” that would familiarise them with the risks inherent to securing nuclear material.

The CNIA will provide security details that will guard nuclear material that arrives in the UAE’s territorial waters starting in 2017, when the country’s first nuclear power plant goes online.

The authority, which controls marine patrols and the Coastguard, will be responsible for transporting the material to the plants. Those efforts will complement those of other government bodies: the Ministry of Foreign Affairs will be responsible for acquiring nuclear fuel from abroad and bringing it to the UAE, and border patrols will be tasked with intercepting smuggled nuclear material.

“We follow whatever is legislated to us by the Federal Authority for Nuclear Regulation and the IAEA to ensure the security of this material,” Mr al Shamsi said.

Available at: http://www.thenational.ae/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20100602/NATIONAL/706019849/1010/rss

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F.  Nuclear Energy

1.
Argentina “Leading Country” In Nuclear Energy Development
Merco Press
6/2/2010
(for personal use only)


Argentina is a showcase for the world in the research and development of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes and this has been the excellent work of Argentine scientists helping to keep the country’s Atomic Energy Commission (CNEA) alive, said President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner on the sixtieth anniversary of the institution.

Addressing the 3.000 workers of the Ezeiza Atomic Centre, Mrs. Kirchner said that Argentina’s second nuclear power plant Atucha II will soon begin production helping to inject more energy to the national grid.

“The nuclear future of Argentina, based on its current successes is very promising and we are doing it with federal criteria”, emphasized Mrs. Kirchner following her visit to the Radioisotopes Production Plant.

“Before addressing you I went over the plant and your excellent work which has Argentina as a leading country is the production of nuclear energy with peaceful and scientific purposes”, said the Argentine president adding that “we are producing low enriched uranium, at less than 20% which has us in the vanguard of the world industry”.

“We need to keep adding value to our scientific and technological production, and that is why we are renovating the plant and contracting young engineers, physics and chemistry professionals. This is crucial for Argentina’s future and we will provide the funds”.

During the celebration CNEA President Norma Boero and Federal Planning minister Julio De Vido signed two agreements: one for uranium prospecting in the province of La Rioja and a second to install an atomic reactor Carem power 150 MW in the northern province of Formosa.

“The concept of ‘federal’ means taking nuclear activity, state of the art technology, industrial development and power to the province of Formosa”, said Ms Boero who underlined the significance of “taking nuclear development to the rest of the country and train the locals for maintenance and operational purposes”.

Ms Boero also mentioned that Argentina’s CNEA has consolidated as international reference in the provision of nuclear products and services, exporting research reactors, radioisotopes production plants, nuclear medicine software and so many other activities”.

During her tour of CNEA grounds Mrs Kirchner was also taken to the area for production of Molybdenum 99, described as a great advance in the radioisotopes industry and nuclear medicine helping with the early and effective detection of anatomic alterations, in many cases related to incipient possible cancer cases.

Last year Argentina and Brazil signed an agreement for the supply of molybdenum 99 (Mo99) isotopes and since July 2009 the Ezeiza plant makes weekly shipments to Sao Paulo. Mo99 are used for the early diagnose and treatment of cancer.

Brazilian demand has helped double Mo99 production in Ezeiza.

CNEA was created May 31, 1950 and has facilities in the Centro Atómico Bariloche (Patagonia), Centro Atómico Constituyentes (Buenos Aires City) and Centro Atómico Ezeiza (in Buenos Aires province). All these locations have research reactors.

Argentina currently has two operational nuclear power plants: the 335-MWe Atucha I built by Germany’s Siemens and the 600-MWe Embalse built by Canadian Candu. A third one, the 692-MWe Atucha II is under construction.

Available at: http://en.mercopress.com/2010/06/02/argentina-leading-country-in-nuclear-energy-development



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G.  Links of Interest

1.
US Wary of Nuclear Blast to Stop Gulf Oil Leak
Reuters
6/3/2010
(for personal use only)
http://www.reuters.com/article/idUSN0322640020100603


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