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Nuclear News - (05/08/00)
RANSAC Nuclear News, 08 May 2000


A. Nonproliferation Policy and Implementation

    1. President Clinton Names Owen James Sheaks As Assistant SecretaryOf State For Verification And Compliance, White House (05/04/00)
    2. The White House: Office of the Press Secretary President ClintonNames General John A. Gordon, USAF as Under Secretary for Nuclear Securityand Administrator of the National Security Administration at the Departmentof Energy, M2 Communications, (05/08/00)
B. Export Controls
    1. Putin Signs Decree Allowing Nuclear Exports Under CertainCircumstances, Agence France Presse (05/08/00)
C. Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Deal
    1. Voluntary Separation Programs Offered At Portsmouth and PaducahPlants, Department of Energy (05/04/00)
D. Russian Elections
    1. Russian Prime Minister Named, Associated Press (05/07/00)
E.  U.S. – Russia General
    1. US-Russia summit futile?  Daniel Schorr, ChristianScience Monitor (05/05/00)



A. Nonproliferation Policy and Implementation

1.
President Clinton Names Owen James Sheaks As Assistant SecretaryOf State For Verification And Compliance
        The White House
        May 4, 2000
        (for personal use only)

The President today announced his intent to nominate Owen James Sheaksas Assistant Secretary of State for Verification and Compliance.

Dr. Owen James Sheaks, of Reston, Virginia, began his career with theNuclear Regulatory Commission in 1968. In 1969, he joined the faculty ofthe Nuclear Engineering Program in the Chemical Engineering Departmentof the University of Maryland, and became a tenured
Associate Professor. He came to the U.S. Arms Control and DisarmamentAgency (ACDA) in 1978 and served in three of ACDA's four Bureaus: as theDivision Chief for the Nuclear Energy Division in the Bureau ofNonproliferation;as the Division Chief for the Science and Technology Policy Division inthe Bureau of Multilateral Affairs and as Acting Deputy Assistant Directorfor that Bureau; and as the Division Chief of the Verification Divisionof the Verification and Intelligence Bureau. During his last four yearswith ACDA, Dr. Sheaks served as the Acting Assistant Director/Deputy AssistantDirector for the Bureau of Intelligence, Verification and Information Managementand as the Agency's Chief Information Officer. Presently, he serves asthe Special Advisor to the Under Secretary of State for Arms Control andInternational Security Affairs.

Dr. Sheaks received his B.S. and Ph.D. degrees in nuclear engineeringfrom North Carolina State University.

The Assistant Secretary of State for Verification and Compliance isresponsible within the Department of State for the overall supervision(including oversight of both policy and resources) of all matters relatingto verification and compliance with international arms control,nonproliferation,and disarmament agreements and commitments. The Assistant Secretary willadvise the Secretary and the Under Secretary for Arms Control and InternationalSecurity/Senior Advisor to the President on appropriate uses of the "KeyVerification Assets Fund."
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2.
The White House: Office of the Press Secretary President ClintonNames General John A. Gordon, USAF as Under Secretary for Nuclear Securityand Administrator of the National Security Administration at the Departmentof Energy
        M2 Communications
        May 8, 2000
        (for personal use only)

MAY 8, 2000, M2 Communications - The President today announced the nominationof General John A. Gordon, U.S. Air Force, to serve as Under Secretaryfor Nuclear Security and Administrator of the National Security Administrationat the Department of Energy.

General Gordon, of Washington, D.C., is currently the Deputy Directorof Central Intelligence at the Central Intelligence Agency. He enteredthe Air Force through the Reserve Officer Training Corps program in 1968.He was a long-range planner at Strategic Air Command and served with theU.S. State Department in politico-military affairs.

General Gordon has also worked at Sandia National Laboratories on AirForce weapon systems, commanded a strategic ICBM Wing, and served withthe National Security Council in the areas of defense and arms controlincluding the oversight and completion of the START II negotiations.

Before assuming his current position, General Gordon served as AssociateDirector of Central Intelligence for Military Support at the CentralIntelligenceAgency.

General Gordon received a B.S. degree from the University of Missouriat Columbia and a M.S. degree from the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey,California. He also earned a M.B.A. degree from New Mexico Highlands Universityin Las Vegas, Nevada.

The Under Secretary for Nuclear Security serves as the Administratorof the National Nuclear Security Administration under Section 3202 theDepartment of Energy Organization Act. This individual is responsible forcarrying out the national nuclear security responsibilities of the Departmentof Energy, which include maintaining safe, secure, and reliable stockpileof nuclear weapons and associated materials, capabilities, and technologies.The Administrator is responsible for promoting international nuclear safetyand nonproliferation as well as the administration and management of thenaval nuclear propulsion program at the Department of Energy.
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B. Export Controls

1.
Putin Signs Decree Allowing Nuclear Exports Under CertainCircumstances
        Agence France Presse
        May 8, 2000
        (for personal use only)

MOSCOW, May 8, 2000 -- (Agence France Presse) Russian President VladimirPutin signed a decree Sunday which would allow the export of nuclear materials,equipment and technology under certain conditions, the Kremlin press servicesaid.

The decree, which adds a paragraph to the 1992 law banning nuclear exports,only relates to countries that do not have nuclear armaments and are notyet covered by the International Atomic Energy Agency, the statement said.

Other stipulated circumstances are that the supply does not run counterto Russia's international commitments; that the importing country givesofficial assurances that the supply will not be used to create nuclearexplosives; that the supply is used for the safe operation of nuclear facilitieson the territory and that these facilities are then brought under the controlof the IAEA.

The Russian cabinet would also have to pass a resolution to authorizeeach export contract, Putin wrote on the day of his inauguration.
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C. Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU) Deal

1.
Voluntary Separation Programs Offered At Portsmouth and PaducahPlants
        Department of Energy
        May 4, 2000
        (for personal use only)

The United States Enrichment Corporation (USEC), with the Departmentof Energy (DOE), today provided details of two voluntary separation incentiveprograms that will be offered to workers at gaseous diffusion plants inPiketon, Ohio, and Paducah, Ky. The programs are designed to help easethe impact of about 625 job reductions at the two facilities in July.

USEC has lowered the number of anticipated job reductions at the twoplants, downward from 850, due to normal attrition, increases in projectwork, more Energy Department work and other factors.

All impacted workers will receive a package of benefits, including trainingassistance up to $10,000, medical benefits to cover employer-paid premiums,relocation and outplacement assistance, based on eligibility criteria.

The voluntary separation incentive programs will provide workers twooptions for voluntary separation:

The first will provide a lump sum payment of $12,500, in lieu of earnedseverance, for workers who began working at the plants on or after USECwas created in July1993, and $17,500 for workers whose careers began beforethat date. USEC will contribute $2,500 for each lump sum participant, withremaining costs funded by the department of Energy.

The second will allow workers who volunteer to separate to receive apayment equal to their earned severance.

Acceptance for participation in these programs is contingent ondeterminationsby USEC that a worker's separation is consistent with its ongoing businessrequirements. The opportunity to volunteer for participation in both separationprograms begins May 5 and will remain open until at least May 24.

After completion of these programs, USEC will assess the extent of anyneeded additional work force reductions, including involuntary separations.In addition to the benefits described above, a involuntarily separatedworker will receive earned severance and preference in hiring by Departmentof Energy contractors and subcontractors.
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D. Russian Elections

1.
Russian Prime Minister Named
        Associated Press
        May 7, 2000
        (for personal use only)

MOSCOW –– Mikhail Kasyanov, an economics specialist and experiencedadministrator, was named prime minister Sunday, just hours after PresidentVladimir Putin was sworn into office.

The Kremlin announced Kasyanov's name would be sent to the State Duma,the lower chamber of parliament, for confirmation as the new head of theCabinet. Lawmakers are expected to approve the nomination quickly.

Kasyanov, 42, who had been first deputy prime minister, had been widelyexpected to be named to the premier's post. He has been handling the economyand overseeing relations with Russia's foreign creditors in recent months.

Putin, 47, who won election March 26, has pledged to continue marketreform. But the new president has yet to present an economic program andaides have said it is still being prepared.

Still, the appointment of Kasyanov hours after Putin was sworn intooffice, will be presented as a sign that the government wants to be seenas moving quickly on the economy. The relative youth of the two men alsomarks the move to a new generation of leaders in Russia.

Putin said Sunday that restoring the economy and making Russia prosperouswas a vital part of the task facing the new government.

Kasyanov, who is seen as a centrist with sound economic credentials,is likely to play a major role in the new government's economic reforms.He has already been working closely with Putin and negotiated reductionsin some of Russia's foreign debts.

The economy has revived in recent months due to a jump in world oilprices, but analysts say it is in need of major structural reforms. Attemptsto build a market economy often have been marred by poor management andcorruption, and parts of the old, flawed Soviet system have yet to bedismantled.

Under the Russian constitution, the president names the prime minister,who oversees the actual day-to-day running of the government.

Kasyanov has been involved in handling economic policy since 1990, whenRussia was still part of the Soviet Union. He became finance minister inPresident Boris Yeltsin's administration in May 1999.

In January, shortly after Putin became acting president he promotedKasyanov to deputy premier. At the time, Putin praised Kasyanov as a strongcoordinator, saying the appointment was intended to streamline economicpolicy.
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E. U.S. – Russia General

1.
US-Russia summit futile?
        Daniel Schorr
        Christian Science Monitor
        May 5, 2000
        (for personal use only)

In the twilight of their terms in office, most presidents look forwardto that last bigpower summit and the chance for a grand bargain on armscontrol. But President Clinton may well consider canceling his trip tomeet President Vladimir Putin in Moscow early next month if he is not torisk humiliating defeat.

In the United Nations five nuclear powers, including the United States,have committed themselves, without a timetable, to the "ultimate goal"of eliminating nuclear weapons. But, as things stack up, that is an exercisein futility.

Conceivably, Mr. Clinton could overcome Mr. Putin's adamant oppositionto amending the 1972 Antiballistic Missile Treaty. Putin has warned thatif the US doesn't comply with the ABM Treaty, all bets are off and thenuclear arms race is on again.

But Clinton is also on notice from Sen. Jesse Helms and 24 other senatorsthat any arms-control treaty negotiated by this administration will be"dead on arrival" at the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

That being so, Putin has little incentive to compromise. Foreign MinisterIgor Ivanov met last week with Gov. George Bush, who opposes any Russiandeal with the incumbent. That suggests that the Kremlin has started lookingpast Clinton.

Without Russian agreement to amending the ABM treaty, the presidentwould have to abrogate the treaty if he decided to go ahead with the developmentof a limited missile defense against rogue states. That decision is supposedto come this summer after one more test of the antimissile missile, scheduledfor late June. With his hands tied by Mr. Helms and company, the presidentmay well decide to leave the missile defense decision to the next president.

But he would then lose the opportunity to offer Putin a START III treaty,scaling down from START II limits on strategic weapons, in return foracquiescencein an American limited missile defense system.

Furthermore, the Duma made ratification of START II contingent on keepingthe ABM Treaty intact. Thus, arms control may not only be stopped in itstracks, but could move backward.

Helms and Bush may derive satisfaction from having made Clinton trulya lame duck in negotiating on nuclear weapons offense and defense. Butan old cliché will have to be amended: Politics starts at the water'sedge.
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