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Nuclear News - 06/25/99
RANSAC Nuclear News, 25 June, 1999

A. CTR
1. Text: U.S., Russia Extend Cooperative Threat ReductionAgreement (Nunn-Lugar program extended until June 2006), USIA(06/24/99)
2. Threat Reduction Agreement Extended, UPI (06/24/99)

B. START
1. Russian, U.S. Security Chiefs Discuss Defense Systems, AgenceFrance Presse (06/25/99)
2. Yeltsin Ready To Discuss ABM And START III, RFE/RL Newsline(06/21/99)
3. Duma Ready To Vote on START II, RFE/RL Newsline (06/21/99)
4. Russia Still Sees ABM Changes as Dangerous, Reuters (06/24/99)

C. Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission
1. Gore-Stepashin Commission To "Revive," RFE/RL Newsline(06/21/99)
A. CTR
Text: U.S., Russia Extend Cooperative Threat Reduction Agreement
(Nunn-Lugar program extended until June 2006)
USIA
24 June 1999
(for personal use only)

The United States and the Russian Federation announced June 24 that theyhad signed a protocol to continue the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR)program in Russia for an additional seven years,through June 2006. Under the program, the U.S. Defense Department willcontinue to provide Russia with the necessary equipment, services andtechnical support to secure and dismantle weapons of mass destruction,as well as production facilities, inherited from the former SovietUnion.

Through fiscal 1999, the U.S. Congress has provided $1,700 million toRussia, and another $1,000 million to other New Independent States forthese tasks. Current projects include ending Russia's production ofweapons-grade plutonium and constructing a facility to store nuclearmaterial for up to 12,500 dismantled nuclear warheads. The CTR programhas already helped Russia eliminate 50 missile silos and 284 land andsubmarine-based strategic ballistic missiles.

Following is a text of the press release. In the text, billion equals1,000 million.

(begin text)

DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE
OFFICE OF THE ASSISTANT SECRETARY OF DEFENSE (PUBLIC AFFAIRS)
WASHINGTON, D.C. 20301
IMMEDIATE RELEASE No. 307-99
June 24, 1999

UNITED STATES AND RUSSIA EXTEND NUNN-LUGAR COOPERATIVE THREAT REDUCTIONAGREEMENT

The United States and the Russian Federation signed a protocol tocontinue the Cooperative Threat Reduction (CTR) program in Russiathrough June 2006. The protocol, to the "Agreement between the RussianFederation and the United States of America concerning the Safe andSecure Transportation, Storage and Destruction of Weapons and thePrevention of Weapons Proliferation," also referred to as the CTRUmbrella Agreement for Russia, was signed on June 15-16, 1999. Theprotocol extends the legal framework for the CTR program in Russia foran additional seven years.

Through the CTR program, also known as the Nunn-Lugar program after itsprimary congressional sponsors, Sen. Richard Lugar and former Sen. SamNunn, the Department of Defense provides equipment, services andtechnical support to assist Russia and other newly independent states inpreventing proliferation and securing and dismantling weapons of massdestruction, related materials and production facilities inherited fromthe former Soviet Union.

By extending the Umbrella Agreement, the United States and Russia willbe able to continue CTR efforts to reduce weapons of mass destructionand prevent their proliferation. Important current projects include:

- Accelerating elimination of Russian missiles, bombers, submarines andland-based missile launchers to assist Russia in meeting Strategic ArmsReduction Treaty requirements.

- Enhancing the safety, security, control, and accounting of nuclearwarheads in transport and at all of Russia's nuclear weapons storagesites.

- Ending Russia's production of weapons-grade plutonium.

- Constructing a facility for the storage of nuclear material for up to12,500 dismantled nuclear warheads.

- Assisting Russia to implement the Chemical Weapons Convention bydismantling former chemical weapons production facilities and helping todestroy chemical weapons.

Through fiscal 1999, Congress has provided a total of $2.7 billion forCTR programs. Of the amount, $1.7 billion has been dedicated to effortsin Russia.

Below are some of the past and expected future accomplishments of CTRefforts in Russia: CTR assistance has helped Russia eliminate 50 missilesilos. In the future, CTR will allow Russia to eliminate an additional349 silos. CTR assistance has helped Russia eliminate 284 land andsubmarine-based strategic ballistic missiles. In the future CTR willhelp Russia eliminate another 1,429 such missiles. CTR is helping todismantle approximately 30 strategic ballistic missile submarines. CTRhas supported the elimination of more than 40 heavy bombers. CTR isproviding security enhancements for 50 Russian nuclear weapons storagesites and will enhance the security at 73 more sites in the future.
Threat Reduction Agreement Extended
UPI
June 24, 1999
(for personal use only)

WASHINGTON, June 24 (UPI) _ Russia and the United States have extendedto 2006 a program that helps prevent the proliferation of nuclearweapons and material in the former Soviet Union, Pentagon spokesman KenBacon announced.

The agreement, known as Cooperative Threat Reduction or more commonly asthe Nunn-Lugar program, was extended during meetings June 15-16.

Congress has appropriated $2.7 billion for CTR, $1.7 billion of whichwent directly to help Russian security and dismantling activities.

The program has helped Russia eliminate 50 missile silos and 284 landand submarine-based strategic ballistic missiles, in addition to 40heavy bomber aircraft. CTR also provides security enhancements at 50Russian nuclear weapons storage sites, and has plans to enhance securityat 73 more.

CTR funding is also being used to construct a facility for the storageof nuclear material for up to 12,500 dismantled warheads, and is beingused to terminate Russia's production of weapons-grade plutonium.
B. START
Russian, U.S. Security Chiefs Discuss Defense Systems
Agence France Presse
June 25, 1999
(for personal use only)

MOSCOW, Jun 25, 1999 -- (Agence France Presse) Russian national SecurityCouncil chief Vladimir Putin and U.S. National Security Adviser SamuelBerger on Thursday discussed possible talks on a future START IIIagreement and the 1972 Antiballistic Missile (ABM) Treaty, Interfax newsagency said.

Russian President Boris Yeltsin last weekend for the first time agreed,in talks with U.S. President BillClinton at the Group of Eight (G8) summit in Cologne, to open talks onrevamping the ABM treaty between the two countries.

The 1972 accord between the United States and the former Soviet Unionlimits the capacity of anti-missile systems in both countries in aneffort to enhance nuclear deterrence.

The United States envisages replacing their anti-ballistic missiles witha new defense system but Russia has rejected proposed U.S. amendments tothe treaty.

Russian deputies are to vote in the autumn on the shelved START IInuclear disarmament treaty but Moscow indicated Tuesday it was ready tolaunch talks on START III at the end of summer.

In their telephone conversation Thursday, Putin and Berger alsodiscussed difficult control of exports of weapons of mass destruction.

Putin said the Duma lower house of parliament, after the Cologne summit,voted a law that sets up a legal base for international cooperation inthis area.

Interfax cited Putin as saying that the United States would respondpositively to Russia's changed stance.
Russia Still Sees ABM Changes as Dangerous
Reuters
June 22, 1999
(for personal use only)

MOSCOW- Foreign Minister Igor Ivanov said Tuesday Russia still regardsU.S. plans to develop a "Star-Wars"-style missile defense system as"dangerous" despite agreeing to consider changes to the Anti-BallisticMissile treaty. Moscow agreed to consider changes in the 1972 landmarkABM treaty during a weekend summit of the Group of Eight countries inthe German city of Cologne.

But Itar-Tass news agency quoted Ivanov as saying on Tuesday: "(Suchchanges) are dangerous and could destroy the basis of strategicstability and the whole disarmament process. "The United States isturning into a practical reality the deployment of a nationalanti-ballistic missile system," he was quoted as saying.

The ABM treaty sets limits on the type of systems Russia and the UnitedStates can deploy to intercept incoming missiles.

The United States wants changes to the treaty because legislationadopted by Congress commits the Clinton administration to put in place adefensive shield against limited missile attack.

Worried about the risk of a so-called rogue state like Iran or NorthKorea attempting a missile strike against the United States, the Clintonadministration has pledged $6.6 billion in its fiscal budget for thedevelopment of a missile defense.

Speaking to Ekho Moskvy radio Tuesday, Kremlin spokesman DmitryYakushkin also branded the U.S. plans as "very unwelcome tendencies,"stressing that the 1972 treaty remained for Moscow a "cornerstone ofpolitical stability."

Russia and the United States are due to begin discussions on the ABMtreaty later in the summer.

In exchange for Russia's agreement to hold new ABM talks, Washington hasagreed to resume negotiations on a new START-3 treaty reducinglong-range nuclear arms.

Washington had previously insisted that the existing START-2 treatymust first be ratified by Russia's opposition-dominated lower house ofparliament.

START-2 obliged both sides to bring warheads down to a maximum of 3,500.Under START 3 they would go down to 2,000 on each side. The U.S. Senateratified START 2 in 1996, but it has been stalled in Russia's State Dumalower house of parliament.

Tuesday Ivanov reiterated the Russian government's resolve to pushSTART-2 through the Duma.

"This is a top priority for us and we shall achieve it," Tass quotedIvanov as saying.
Yeltsin Ready To Discuss ABM And START III
RFE/RL Newsline
June 21, 1999
(for personal use only)

Yeltsin agreed during talks with U.S. President Bill Clinton in Cologneon 20 June to consider possible changes in the Anti-Ballistic Missile(ABM) treaty, opening the way for the U.S. to install a sophisticatedmissile-defense system. Clinton, in exchange, agreed to resumenegotiations on the START III agreement reducing long-range nucleararms. The meeting marks a thaw in Russian-U.S. relations after the endof the Kosova crisis. Clinton told Reuters that "the summit gave us achance to work on what we have in common." The U.S. administrationneeds changes in the ABM treaty after legislation adopted by theCongress in March commits Washington to put in place a defensive shieldagainst limited missile attacks. The 1972 ABM treaty limits the type ofsystems Russia and the U.S. can deploy to intercept incoming missiles.
Duma Ready To Vote on START II
RFE/RL Newsline
June 21, 1999
(for personal use only)

State Duma speaker Gennadii Seleznev told Interfax on 21 June that theparliament will vote on the 1993 START II agreement upon returning inSeptember from its summer recess. The U.S. has previously insisted thatRussia ratify the agreement before resuming negotiations on START III,Reuters reported. It added that START II is designed to bring warheadsdown to a maximum of 3,500 on each side, while START III could reducethat number to 2,000. The U.S. Senate ratified START II in 1996, but theRussian Duma removed the vote from its agenda in April 1999 after NATObegan its air campaign against Yugoslavia.
C. Gore-Chernomyrdin Commission
Gore-Stepashin Commission To "Revive."
RFE/RL Newsline
June 21, 1999
(for personal use only)

In their meeting on 20 June, President Clinton and Russian PresidentBoris Yeltsin agreed to "revive" the Gore-Stepashin Commission,ITAR-TASS reported. Prime Minister Sergei Stepashin will meet with U.S.Vice President Al Gore during a visit to Washington on 6-8 August,according to Interfax. A series of key meetings of the Gore-PrimakovCommission in Washington were abruptly canceled when then-Prime MinisterYevgenii Primakov turned his plane around upon hearing news of NATO airstrikes on Yugoslavia. According to ITAR-TASS, Yeltsin handed Clintondeclassified documents recently unearthed from government archivesconcerning the assassination of President John Kennedy.



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