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Nuclear News - 04/23/99
RANSAC Nuclear News, 23 April, 1999

A. START Treaty Update
1. Start-II Treaty Declared Dead, RFE/RL Newsline (04/21/99)

B. Russian Nuclear Testing/Super Computers
1. Nuke Test Detector Developed, LA Times (04/22/99)

C. Russian Nuclear Forces
1. Russia to Keep Nukes in Far East until 2005 Commander, Itar-Tass(04/23/99)
2. Russian Nuclear Ship Escorted From Swedish Waters, Reuters(04/22/99)

D. Nuclear Waste
1. Russia, US Eye Cooperation in Burying Radioactive Waste, Itar-Tass(04/21/99)
A. START Treaty Update
Start-II Treaty Declared Dead
RFE/RL Newsline
April 21, 1999
(for personal use only)

Duma deputy and member ofthe Yabloko faction Aleksei Arbatov said on 21 April that"NATO aggression against Yugoslavia has buried hopes forthe ratification by the Russian State Duma of the START-IItreaty," ITAR-TASS reported. He added that while he hopesRussia's negotiations with the U.S. on the problem ofstrategic weapons are resumed, it is difficult for him "toimagine how the Duma would return to a discussion of thetreaty."
B. Russian Nuclear Testing/Super Computers
Nuke Test Detector Developed
LA Times
April 22, 1999
(for personal use only)

MOSCOW--Russian scientists have developed a new, highly-accuratesystem to detect nuclear tests, a news report said Thursday.

The equipment can identify the magnitude of a nuclear test moreaccurately than any system now used, the director of the SiberianInstitute of Metrology, Vladimir Matveichuk, said.

Matviechuk said the equipment, developed under state order, monitorsfluctuations in the earth's magnetic field from space, according to the Itar-Tass news agency.

The report gave no other details about the equipment, except to say that it must still undergo testing.
C. Russian Nuclear Forces
Russia to Keep Nukes in Far East until 2005 Commander
Itar-Tass
April 23, 1999
(for personal use only)

PETROPAVLOVSK KAMCHATSKY, April 23 (Itar-Tass) - Russia is goingto keep its naval nuclear forces in the Far Eastern peninsula ofKamchatka till 2005, the Navy's commander said.

Speaking at a conference of officers of the northeastern group inKamchatka, Admiral Vladimir Kuroyedov said all ships stationed theremust be kept in combat readiness.

Kuroyedov on Friday wound up an inspection tour of Kamchatka andChukotka and left for Kosmomolsk-on-Amur, where he is planning to visita branch of the Pacific Naval School and meet staff of ship-repairplants.

The admiral will later leave for Sovetskaya Gavan to check the readinessof Pacific fleet warships.
Russian Nuclear Ship Escorted From Swedish Waters
Reuters
April 22, 1999
(for personal use only)

STOCKHOLM -- The Swedish coast guardescorted a Russian ship from Swedish waters on Thursday afterit was found to be illegally carrying nuclear materials, a coastguard official said.

The 2,000 ton, 69-metre (225-feet) long Russian shipBugulma had anchored at Skalderviken in southern Sweden onits way from St Petersburg to Hull, England, because ofexpected bad weather in the North Sea, coast guardspokesman Lars Sjoholm told Reuters.

A Swede tipped off the coast guard, saying the ship wascarrying barrels marked with the international symbol forradioactivity. The coast guard sent a customs worker on boardthe ship who discovered the ship was carrying uraniumhexafluoride.

This substance can be used to make fuel elements for nuclearpower plants and probably was to be sold in Hull.

"Ships can't anchor in Swedish waters without notifying us ofdangerous materials on board... We have reported it to thepolice so we'll see what they'll do about it,'' Sjoholm said.

He added no dangerous materials had leaked from the ship.
D. Nuclear Waste
Russia, US Eye Cooperation in Burying Radioactive Waste.
Itar-Tass
April 21, 1999
(for personal use only)

NEW YORK -- Russian and U.S. officials study a possibility ofcooperation in implementing a project to build storages forradioactivewaste from other states in Russia.

It is planned that waste will be stored in concrete containers at one offormer secret factories, producing nuclear weapons during Soviet times.A burial ground, situated in the German town of Ahaus, will be used as amodel.

Funds to build the project will be received in the form of payments forstorage services of nuclear waste from South Korea, Taiwan and othermostly Asian countries where there are great reserves of used fuel fromnuclear power plants, but which have no place for their storage.

It is supposed that implementation of the project will yield six billionU.S. dollars, part of which will be used for such aims as cleaning ofRussian nuclear projects and higher protection level of 50 tons ofplutonium from dismantled nuclear warheads.

Reporting this news, The Wall Street Journal notes that the UnitedStates has already set up a company to implement the project. This firmwas recently registered in the Delaware State under the name ofNon-Proliferation Trust. It will be headed by two American retiredadmirals, familiar with the situation in the Russian nuclear complex.

Referring to Thomas Cochran, chief expert of the ecological organizationNatural Resources Defense Council, The Wall Street Journal notes thatthe Russian and U.S. energy ministries display interest in the projectin principle. However, neither of them gave official agreement to itsimplementation.

According to Cochran, if agreement is reached, it will be necessary toamend the Russian law on nuclear waste storage as well as the Americanlaw, strictly regulating where waste of nuclear production and of U.S.research institutions can be stored.

Cochran believes that as a result of implementing the project,advantages from cleaning Russian nuclear projects will top considerablya possible risk of building a nuclear burial ground.



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