- Russia Atomic Ministry Seeking New Markets, Itar-Tass (03/12/99)
- Minister Wants Russia to Keep both of Nuclear Centers, Itar-Tass(03/13/99)
- Ex-Defense Chief: US Threat Likely, Associated Press (03/14/99)
- Minister Advises Nuclear Sector to Go Get Pay off Shore, Itar-Tass(03/15/99)
Russia Atomic Ministry Seeking New Markets
March 12, 1999
(for personal use only)
MOSCOW -- The Atomic Ministry is developing international cooperationand seeking new markets for its production, a source in the ministry'spress service told Tass on Friday.
The source said State Duma lower house members had met the leadingexperts of Mashinostroitelny Zavod (MZ), the world's biggest nuclearfuel producer in Elektrostal east of Moscow, and discussed ways todevelop the country's atomic production.
MPs called for a concerted effort by the legislative branch to supportthe domestic industry.
MZ director Valery Mezhuyev, who is also head of Russia's NuclearSociety, said the company is expected to raise production by 11 -12 percent in 1999.
Russia's industry, including its atomic branch, can and must be thepillar of the country's economic growth, MP Sergei Belyayev said.
Minister Wants Russia to Keep both of Nuclear Centers.
March 13, 1999
(for personal use only)
SNEZHINSK, Chelyabinsk region -- Atomic Energy Minister Yevgeny Adamovsaid Russia should keep both of its federal nuclear centers despitefierce attacks by some opponents who insist that one should be closed.
Speaking at a press conference in Snezhinsk on Saturday, Adamovcommented on the results of his one-day trip to the federal nuclearcenter located here.
He said that "there is normal competition and mutual control, which isgood for the business."
Adamov took part in a meeting of the center's scientific and technicalcouncil and met its trade union leaders. A similar meeting was also heldin the other nuclear center known as Arzamas-16.
"It is not possible at this time of general disarmament to make directuse of many unimplemented nuclear projects. This is why we must do whatwe can to translate these ideas into reality in conversion programs,"the minister said.
Ex-Defense Chief: US Threat Likely
AP Military Writer
March 14, 1999
(for personal use only)
WASHINGTON (AP) -- Surveying the globe two years after leaving thePentagon, former Defense Secretary William J. Perry sees no "A list"security threats to the United States approaching the Cold War menaceposed by the Soviet Union.
That is good, but not all good, Perry concludes in a new book,"Preventive Defense" published this month. He wrote it with Ashton B.Carter, who masterminded the Pentagon's Russia policy during Perry'stenure.
As the authors see it, the absence of a major threat to the UnitedStates is unlikely to last. They worry that in this "threatless era," asCarter has called it, the national security establishment will let downits guard and a second-tier security threat such as China will developinto what they call an "A list" threat.
They refer not to Chinese espionage that boosts its nuclear weaponsprogram -- a worry now in the headlines -- but more broadly to U.S.failure to shape China's rise to Asian superpower status so that itemerges as an American partner rather than enemy.
Perry, who left the Pentagon in early 1997 after serving almost threeyears, recommends closer U.S. military ties to the People's LiberationArmy. At the same time, however, he favors keeping controls on the saleof military goods to the Chinese.
"If China is treated like an adversary, it will surely become one," theauthors write.
In fact they see four other troublesome problems -- in addition to therisk of China growing hostile -- that have the potential to become "Alist" security threats to United States in the 21st century.
The challenge today, Perry and Carter argue, is to prevent these dangersfrom becoming threats.
Russia tops the list, which might seem surprising at first. The Russianmilitary, after all, is in rapid decay. Combat training has beencurtailed sharply, and experts believe it would take more than a decadeto reverse course and rearm substantially.
The catch, of course, is Russia's nuclear arsenal, still second only tothe United States.
Perry and Carter worry that this deadly legacy of the Cold War risksputting weapons and nuclear materials in the hands of terrorists orothers hostile to the United States.
Aside from the weapons themselves, Russia has enough plutonium to buildas many as 50,000 more weapons and enough highly enriched uranium foranother 80,000, the book says.
"Without a continuing, vigilant effort we must still judge the odds ofdisaster very high indeed," they write.
Perry and Carter also worry Russia could go the way of Germany in the1930s. Isolated and feeling aggrieved as the Germans did after theirdefeat in World War I, the Russians might feel compelled to rearm andlash out.
Perry and Carter even raise the nightmarish possibility of Russiacollapsing in chaos.
"Regional warlords would capture and seek to exploit all the resourcesat their disposal, including nuclear weapons," they write.
The role of "preventive defense," in Perry's view, is to engage Russiain cooperative efforts. That would include a new emphasis on armscontrol to improve custody and control of Russia's entire nucleararsenal, not just the intercontinental forces that threatened Americaduring the Cold War.
"Such defense diplomacy grows even more important as the 'honeymoon'phase of the post-Cold War 'partnership' with Russia ends, the Yeltsinera draws to a close and a more difficult era begins," they write.
Perry and Carter see two other potential "A list" security threats onthe horizon: Weapons of mass destruction could spread to nations hostileto the United States, such as North Korea or Iraq, and "catastrophicterrorism" of unprecedented scope might hit U.S. territory.
Underlying the warnings is Perry's belief the United States cannot hopeto go into the new century expecting this decade's relativelylower-level security threats, such as North Korea, to go away or staythe same.
"Peace will not just happen," Perry said in an interview. "It is not thenatural order of things."
Minister Advises Nuclear Sector to Go Get Pay off Shore
March 15, 1999
(for personal use only)
SNEZHINSK, Chelyabinsk region, March 15 (Itar-Tass) - Under 60-dollarwages of employees in the nuclear sector is anything but normalcy,Russian Minister for Nuclear Energy Yevgeny Adamov said during his visitto Snezhinsk's federal nuclear center over the past weekend.
He added that the situation has been improving, as wages no longer comeas credits.
Adamov blasted mayors of closed cities in charge of the Nuclear EnergyMinistry for the poor use of benefits to compensate for delayed wages tonuclear sector workers.
He called for a more active use of revenues in taxes on offshorecompanies.
Adamov lauded the efforts of Chelyabinsk regional governor Pyotr Suminto recover the tax revenues to the "native land".
"For the country's budget this is a 'black hole' and the action of thegovernor is quite logical. But one should not make sharp movements.Benefits are granted to the closed cities for creating new jobs onconversion lines, and if this goal is achieved, the benefits willjustify themselves," Adamov said.