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Nuclear News - 02/19/99
RANSAC Nuclear News, 19 February, 1999

  1. Ratification of Start-2 Treaty Meets Russian Interests, Itar Tass(02/17/99)
  2. Foreign Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing In Russia Urged, RFE/RL Newsline(02/18/99)
  3. Russia General Rules Out Anti-Missile Pact Changes, Reuters(02/18/99)
  4. U.S., Russia Combat Terrorism, Associated Press (02/19/99)
  5. Russia To Conduct Non-Nuclear Tests On Novaya Zemlya, RFE/RLNewsline (02/19/99)

Ratification of Start-2 Treaty Meets Russian Interests.
February 17, 1999
(for personal use only)

MOSCOW -- The earliest ratification of the START-2 Treaty, apart frommeeting the interests of Russian national security, makes a substantialcontribution to ensuring strategic stability in the world, claimed hereon Wednesday former secretary of the Russian Security Council andpresent acting vice-president of the Russian Academy of Sciences AndreiKokoshin.

Asked by Itar-Tass whether Russia now needs costly general-purposetroops, Kokoshin emphasized that "although nuclear deterrence continuesto remain one of the main elements of ensuring Russia's nationalsecurity, it is necessary to observe a balance in developing strategicnuclear forces and general-purpose troops".

In the vice-president's opinion, it is expedient to proceed frompossibilities of "the country's economic potential and present-dayestimates of challenges and threats in the sphere of the country'smilitary security".

Kokoshin pointed to the need of radical improvement in funding R&D aswell as armament purchases. He pointed to the importance of urgentpayments of the state's debts to factories of the military-industrialcomplex and research institutions.
Foreign Nuclear Fuel Reprocessing In Russia Urged
RFE/RL Newsline
February 18, 1999
(for personal use only)

In Order to raise additional funds, Russian Atomic Energy MinisterYevgenii Adamov has called for changing current regulationsin order to allow Moscow to import and reprocess foreign-owned nuclear fuel, Interfax reported. on 17 February. Hesaid that the average world price for such reprocessing isnow approximately $1,000 per kilogram.
Russia General Rules Out Anti-Missile Pact Changes
February 18, 1999
(for personal use only)

MOSCOW -- A Russian Defense Ministry official said Thursday that Moscowhad no plans to discuss with the United States any changes to thebilateral anti-ballistic missile (ABM) treaty.

Itar-Tass news agency quoted Col.-Gen. Leonid Ivashov, the oftenoutspoken head of international cooperation at the ministry, as saying:"Russia is against changing the treaty as it sees no reasons to alterit."

Ivashov made his comments as a Defense Department delegation began talksin Moscow.

"Russia is not negotiating with the United States on any changes to the1972 ABM treaty, although they are trying to lure us into such talks,"Ivashov said.

He said Moscow was worried by Washington's decision to boost spending onanti-missile systems and said he suspected the United States might endup confronting Russia with a fait accompli.

Russia sees the 1972 treaty as a cornerstone of nuclear deterrence, andtop officials have said any revisions could create global instability.

Ivashov said attempts to change the pact could prompt countries likeChina and India to develop missile and anti-missile technologies.

His comments highlighted the delicate nature of U.S.-Russian militaryties at a time of some strain after joint U.S.-British air strikesagainst Iraq last year and threatened attacks against Yugoslavia overKosovo.

The Pentagon group in Moscow is expected to discuss future militarycooperation, possible security threats, confidence- building measuresamong members in the Organization for Security and Cooperation inEurope, fulfillment of the START 1 arms control agreement and futuredisarmament negotiations.
U.S., Russia Combat Terrorism
Associated Press
February 19, 1999
(for personal use only)

MOSCOW (AP) -- Top U.S. and Russian counter-terrorism officialsdiscussed ways of combating international terrorism during a meetingFriday in Moscow.

The State Department's acting coordinator for counter-terrorism, MichaelSheehan, and the head of the Russian Foreign Ministry's legaldepartment, Leonid Skotnikov, issued a statement calling for their twocountries to join all international anti-terrorism conventions by 2000.

They also called on Russia and the United States to adopt a memorandumon combating nuclear terrorism and to draft a convention on blockingterror groups' access to fund-raising.

"We will also work on developing cooperation between the law-enforcementbodies of our countries in combating the kidnappings of foreigners forransom in both countries," said the statement released by the RussianForeign Ministry.
Russia To Conduct Non-Nuclear Tests On Novaya Zemlya
RFE/RL Newsline
February 19, 1999
(for personal use only)

The Russian defense and atomic energy ministries will conduct anew round of non-nuclear explosion tests at the Novaya Zemlyatest site, Minister for Atomic Energy Yevgenii Adamov toldInterfax on 18 February. The tests are to upgrade nuclearammunition, he said.

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